SARID's Editorials, Articles, and Reviews (2003-2004)


Global Warming and Melting Glaciers In South Asia
By Jasmin Mehovic & Janaki Blum, SARID, September 17, 2004
Melting glaciers in the world’s highest mountain range are swelling local lakes, triggering flash-flooding in the narrow valleys below. This trend will accelerate in the next half decade, creating social and economic problems not only for the villages in the Himalayan foothills but also for the entire South Asian region.

Arsenic Poisoning in Bangladesh
By Jasmin Mehovic and Janaki Blum, Cambridge, MA, September 2004
An effective mechanism for interaction between governmental and nongovernmental organizations and research communities, involving data sharing and coordinated action, would significantly accelerate the search for an antidote to the arsenic contamination, for improved healthcare for the afflicted, and for a better assessment of arsenic poisoning on the global scale.

Of Quilters and Karachites
By Salma Shakir, Karachi, Pakistan, August 2004
Women’s empowerment was a great conservational piece for us. Most men cringed at the thought of wearing a tee shirt which said “Empowering women for a better future.” One man said, “empowering women? They already have more than they need! What do women need with power anyway, all they do during the day is cook one ‘salan’ and clean,” he so calmly explained.

The Bhopal Ruling: An Important Victory in an Ongoing Struggle
By Jasmin Mehovic, Cambridge, MA July 2004
Further victories of Bhopal’s victims would be a catalyst of positive changes not only in India but throughout the Third World. In an era when multinational companies are becoming larger, more influential, and more numerous, a successful resolution of Bhopal victims’ demands would bring forth a whole new way of dealing with these powerful companies, limiting their dominance over the leadership and elites of poor countries.

The Importance of Vocational Training for Afghan Refugees in Iran and Pakistan
By Jasmin Mehovic, Cambridge, MA, May 2004
The success of the repatriation process should be measured not only by how soon the refugees leave their host countries, but also by the level of their integration into the workforce upon their return back home. Although the United Nations has stepped up efforts to provide vocational training to Afghan
refugees, there is much more that could be done.

Rainwater Harvesting in Sri Lanka
By Vinod Moonsinghe, Sri Lanka, May 2004
The uninterrupted supply of water for domestic purposes in Sri Lanka has long been taken for granted. The water-supply infrastructure has not kept pace with needs and rainwater harvesting has not been promoted as in India, where urban authorities have amended their by-laws to facilitate it

Challenges and Promises of Afghan Cinema
By Jasmin Mehovic, Cambridge, MA, April 2004
Afghani films have shown the potential of moving pictures to depict historical developments in a way that no other medium can do at the present time, with the same ingenuity and charm seen in movies made by their neighbors. And as much as the movies from the region have been an inspiration for the Afghan filmmakers, Afghan films, in turn, have become an inspiration for film lovers throughout the world.

Soma Thero and Christmas
By Vinod Moonsinghe, Sri Lanka, December 2003
The demise of the Venerable Gangodawila Soma, a ‘Television Cleric’, a champion of the Sinhala-Buddhist (as opposed to the pristine Buddhist) cause, has seen an unprecedented (in the case of a clergyman) public display of emotion. (With links)

The Bar Reef Special Management Area Plan
By Vinod Moonsinghe, Environment Foundation Ltd., Sri Lanka, December 2003
Although it was declared a marine sanctuary in 1992, there has been virtually no management of the Bar Reef, off the western coast of the Putlam district, and it is under threat both from natural enemies and from human activity. Now it is at the centre of an effort at conservation through sustainable development with popular participation.

Piecemaking: Vocational Training for Underprivileged Women in Pakistan
By Salma Shakir, Karachi, Pakistan, SARID Project Coordinator, June 2003
I have been a quilter for over two decades, and enjoy piece making. SARID recently funded me for a quilting project in Pakistan. The idea behind my project was to introduce the principles of American quilt making to women who already had some needlework experience in order to ease their labor.

Waste: A Global problem
By Vinod Moonesinghe, SARID project coordinator for Sri Lanka, May 2003
An Italian-registered ship unloaded 184 containers in Colombo harbour under controversial circumstances. The incident raised fears that Sri Lanka was to be a dumping ground for toxic waste from more industrialised countries. But it also focussed Sri Lankan views on the global nature of the waste disposal problem.

Dolphins, War & the Environment
By Vinod Moonesinghe, SARID project coordinator for Sri Lanka, May 2003
Soon after the forces of the United States of America captured a foothold, two especially trained bottle-nosed Atlantic dolphins were flown in to seek mines in the approaches to the Iraqi deep-sea port. These are not the first marine mammals that have been used in war. However, the use of dolphins in the Iraq war highlights the dangers to the environment that are likely to proceed from the conflict.

Ants & Humans: Flood Defence in a Wetter World
By Vinod Moonesinghe, SARID project coordinator for Sri Lanka, May 2003
This activity of an obscure species of insect was in contrast to the seeming inability of humans in Sri Lanka to cope with seasonal flooding. How we are able to predict, prevent and otherwise cope with the problem of flooding has been thrust to centre-stage by the calamity of mid-May, during which extremely high precipitation combined with earth-slips to produce unexpected flood levels.

Housing Design for Hot Arid Regions
By Javed Sultan, Cambridge, Massachusetts, AIA, SARID Executive Director, May 2003
Following a review of submitted housing plans and given the hot, arid, climate of Mali coupled to the desire to have a cost effective solution, the following Physical Design is recommended: 1. Internal Courtyard the design should incorporate an internal courtyard. The courtyard concept has several advantages ...

The Use of Ultraviolet Radiation for Controlling Microbiological Fouling in a Wastewater System
By Arif Jaffer, Baker Petrolite, December 2002
Sodium hypochlorite systems are safer than chlorine gas, but they are less cost effective to install and operate. This paper evaluates the UV disinfection process to determine whether it is a viable option for wastewater plants. It also evaluates options for controlling the scaling that is expected with high TDS local wastewater and determines the cost effectiveness of this type of disinfection method.


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